Catalysis and Kinetics
Catalysts, which are critically important to more than 35% of the global GDP, are a vital key to our economic, environmental, and public health. Catalytic systems enable modern transporation systems, safe foods, a clean environment, and life-saving vaccines and pharmaceuticals. In partnership with the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, WSU is positioned to be a national leader in developing, testing and using catalysts to advance society.
A catalyst is a substance that…
- Facilitates and speeds molecular transformations in a chemical reaction, but is not consumed or produced in the process
- Lowers the ammount of energy needed to accomplish the chemical reaction
- Maximizes production of desired products
- Minimizes production of less-desirable and/or environmentally hazardous by-products
- Used in 90% of the world’s chemical processes that manufacture 60% of chemical products
- Responsible for 75% by value of all the products derived from petroleum
- Essential to life, as highly specific biological catalysts (enzymes)
Chemical and Biological Catalysts are used in…
- Energy production by combining small molecules or breaking large molecules to produce useable products like gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel from petroleum or forest residues. They also are used in converting methane, biomass, and alcohols to useful products.
- Energy conversion systems to enable high efficiency fuel cells and new battery technologies.
- Chemical production for tires, plastics, polymers, laundry detergent, and agrichemicals, including fertilizers and pesticides.
- Environmental control systems to reduce emissions from automobiles, power plants, and manufacturing facilities.
- Food processing to make fruit juices, cheese, beer, bread, margarine, high-fructose corn syrup, and many other foods.
- Consumer products such as pharmaceuticals, detergents, chemicals, ethanol-based fuels, and food products.
- Health care for the production of highly specific vaccines, pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals; chemicals which are needed worldwide to ensure public health.
- Life itself, which depends on enzymes (biologically-produced catalysts) to maintain the body’s myriad of systems.
WSU’s research will develop new catalysts for alternative fuels, for the clean conversion of liquid fuels to electricity, and for reduced vehicle pollution. It will also enable the manufacture of new consumer products that would result in a cleaner environment, better fertilizers, and new drugs that will save lives worldwide.
Clearly, a world class catalysis research program is truly a big idea that the world needs!
- Birgitte Ahring – Microbiology, biomass conversion to biofuels and high-value bioproducts
- Haluk Beyenal – Biofilms
- Su Ha – Energy generations from alternative fuels
- Norbert Kruse – Heterogeneous catalysis: From fundamentals to industrial applications
- Hongfei Lin – Catalyst synthesis and application; catalytic conversion of biomass; CO2 reduction; renewable hydrogen production; fuel cell electrocatalysis; advanced functional nanomaterials; photocatalysis
- Jean-Sabin McEwen – Atomistic modeling of catalytic processes for energy applications
- James Petersen – Bioremediation of contaminated aqueous systems, modeling of biological processing operations and on-line optimization of biological processes
- Peter Pfromm – Advancing engineering research in fundamental and applied aspects
- Steven Saunders – Nanotechnology for novel catalytic systems, sustainable solvent technologies
- Kirk Schulz – Catalysis, surface science, materials science
- Junming Sun – Bio-mass conversion, catalytic bio-oil upgrading, hydrogen and fuel production by ethanol steam reforming, nano-catalysis, and synthesis of nano-metal/metal oxide (in collaboration with Prof. Yong Wang)
- Bernie Van Wie – Biotechnology including biosensors and bioanalytical devices, cell and tissue culture, engineering education research
- Yong Wang – Development of novel catalytic materials and reaction engineering for the conversion of fossil and biomass feedstocks to fuels and chemicals
- Di Wu – Heterogeneous catalysis, porous materials, surface science, materials chemistry, thermodynamics, nanogeoscience and nanotechnology
- Xiao Zhang – Biomass chemistry, biomass conversion to bioproducts and bioenergy